In this article we would perform following task
To perform this activity download this lab topology and load in packet tracer or create your own topology as shown in figure
IP address and default gateway is used to configure switch remotely via telnet or SSH. Without this essential configurations you have connect with switch via console cable each time. That's very tedious as you have to go near to switch each time.
Switch>enable Switch#configure terminal Enter configuration commands, one per line. End with CNTL/Z. Switch(config)#hostname S1 S1(config)#interface vlan 1 S1(config-if)#ip address 10.0.0.10 255.0.0.0 S1(config-if)#no shutdown %LINK-5-CHANGED: Interface Vlan1, changed state to up %LINEPROTO-5-UPDOWN: Line protocol on Interface Vlan1, changed state to up S1(config-if)#exit S1(config)#ip default-gateway 10.0.0.1
You can secure a switch by using passwords to restrict various levels of access. Using passwords and assigning privilege levels are simple ways of providing both local and remote terminal access control in a network. Passwords can be established on individual lines, such as the console, and to the privileged EXEC (enable) mode. Passwords are case sensitive. By default There are five VTY ports on the switch, allowing five simultaneous Telnet sessions, noting that other Cisco devices might have more than five logical VTY ports. The five total VTY ports are numbered from 0 through 4 and are referred to all at once as line vty 0 4.
S1(config)#line console 0 S1(config-line)#password vinita S1(config-line)#login S1(config-line)#exit S1(config)#line vty 0 4 S1(config-line)#password vinita S1(config-line)#login S1(config-line)#exit S1(config)#
this feature set allows you (among several other options) to disable a port if more than one MAC address is detected as being connected to the port. This feature is commonly applied to ports that connect security-sensitive devices such as servers. You can use the port security feature to restrict input to an interface by limiting and identifying MAC addresses of the stations allowed to access the port. When you assign secure MAC addresses to a secure port, the port does not forward packets with source addresses outside the group of defined addresses.
Switch>enable Switch#configure terminal Enter configuration commands, one per line. End with CNTL/Z. Switch(config)#hostname S2 S2(config)#interface fastEthernet 0/1 S2(config-if)#switchport mode access S2(config-if)#switchport port-security S2(config-if)#switchport port-security maximum 1 S2(config-if)#switchport port-security mac-address sticky S2(config-if)#switchport port-security violation shutdown S2(config-if)#exit S2(config)#
You can verify port security.
Port security is enabled, port-status is secure-shutdown, security violation count is 1.
Ethereal Channel allows you to combine switch ports to increase more bandwidth. If you connect switch ports without Ethereal Channel configurations STP switch’s in built function will shutdown one of these port to avoid loop. You can download this example topology for practice of Ethereal Channel .
DLS1>enable DLS1#configure terminal DLS1(config)#interface range fastEthernet 0/11 - 12 DLS1(config-if-range)#switchport mode trunk DLS1(config-if-range)#channel-group 1 mode desirable DLS1(config-if-range)#exit DLS1(config)#exit DLS1#